Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing and treating various conditions related to the face, jaws, mouth, and neck. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dental specialists who have undergone extensive training, typically requiring four to six years of post-graduate education, to become experts in performing surgical procedures in these areas.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is an essential field of dentistry that addresses various conditions and injuries, helping patients achieve improved oral health, functional outcomes, and enhanced facial aesthetics.
Consulting with an oral surgeon can provide the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan tailored to individual needs in the following areas:
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons perform both simple and complex tooth extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth removal, when teeth cannot fully emerge from the gum line. When wisdom teeth do not have enough space to emerge or grow properly, they can cause pain, infection, and other dental issues. Oral surgery may be necessary for their removal.
Oral surgeons are skilled in the surgical placement of dental implants, including zygomatic implants, which act as artificial tooth roots that provide a strong foundation for replacement teeth, such as crowns, bridges, or dentures. Individuals with severe tooth loss due to decay, injury, or gum disease may benefit from dental implants, which are surgically placed by oral surgeons.
Oral surgeons perform bone grafting procedures to augment and strengthen the jawbone, especially for patients who have experienced bone loss due to tooth extraction or periodontal disease. This enhances the support for dental implants or other restorative treatments.
Corrective Jaw Surgery
Also known as orthognathic surgery, this procedure corrects jaw misalignments that may cause difficulties in chewing, speaking, or breathing. Corrective jaw surgery can improve both function and facial appearance. Patients with severe jaw discrepancies that affect their bite, facial appearance, or overall oral health might require corrective jaw surgery.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders
Oral surgeons can diagnose and manage TMJ disorders, which are conditions affecting the jaw joint and surrounding muscles, causing pain and dysfunction. They can diagnose and treat various oral pathologies, including cysts, tumors, and infections of the jaw, mouth, and neck.
Facial Trauma and Reconstruction
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to handle facial injuries resulting from accidents or other traumatic incidents. They perform complex reconstructive surgeries to restore both function and aesthetics.
Cleft Lip and Palate Repair
Oral surgeons are involved in the multidisciplinary treatment of children born with cleft lip and palate conditions, providing surgical correction to improve speech and facial appearance.