Meaning of Periodontics

Gum Health Guidelines...

Periodontics is a vital specialty of dentistry that deals specifically with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gingiva (gums) and bone supporting the teeth. However, the term “periodontics” causes confusion among many patients unfamiliar with its precise meaning and role.

So, let’s define what periodontics entails, the conditions it addresses, the types of professionals who practice it, and why this specialty is so critical for long-term oral health.

Conditions Diagnosed and Treated by Periodontics

Some of the most common oral health conditions that involve the expertise of a periodontist include:

  • Gingivitis – inflammation restricted to gum tissues.
  • Periodontitis – gum disease affecting deeper periodontal tissues.
  • Periodontal pocketing – abnormal space between gum and tooth.
  • Gum recession – shrinking gum tissues that expose roots.
  • Furcation involvement – infections of spaces between multi-rooted tooth roots.
  • Aggressive periodontitis – rapid gum and bone loss.

The Critical Importance of Periodontics

Thanks to advances in periodontics, teeth that would have previously been irreparably lost can now be saved through regenerative techniques. Periodontics allows for:

  • Preservation of natural teeth – Teeth are maintained for function and self-esteem.
  • Reduction in potentially life-threatening systemic inflammation – Gum disease is linked with conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
  • Restoration of areas ravaged by severe infections – Bone and gum loss can be reversed.
  • Improvement in aesthetics – Recession issues and abnormal gum architecture can be corrected.
  • Stabilization of occlusion – Proper periodontal care reinforces proper tooth relationships and chewing function.

Types of periodontal disease

Symptoms of gum disease

Natural Remedies for Gum Disease

Products to use for Gum Disease

Mouthwash for gum disease

Reverse Periodontal Disease

Who Practices Periodontics?

Periodontics is a dental specialty recognized by the American Dental Association. After earning a dental degree, periodontists complete an additional three years of advanced training specifically focused on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of gum diseases and oral bone loss. 

In addition to periodontists, general dentists can provide basic periodontal care, with more complex cases referred to specialists. Some pediatric dentists also have limited training in managing periodontal issues in children.

Future of Periodontics

While still poorly understood by the general public, periodontics is one of the most vital areas of dentistry. By focusing on the foundational structures that support the teeth, periodontists are uniquely able to preserve both oral function and optimal wellbeing. With ongoing innovations in managing gum disease, regenerative methods and maintaining natural dentition, the future of periodontics is brighter than ever.

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